When cafes opened in France they also sold brandy, sweetened wines and liqueurs in addition to coffee.The first modern-type cafe was the Cafe Procope which opened in 1696.Such tavern-restaurants existed not only in France but also in other countries.
the Patissiers, Rotisseurs, Charcutiers] and created a hungry, middle-class customer base who relished the ideals of egalitarianism (as in, anyone who could pay the price could get the same meal).
Entrepreneurial French chefs were quick to capitalize on this market. Boulanger, 1765 "In about 1765, a Parisian 'bouillon seller' named Boulanger wrote on his sign: 'Boulanger sells restoratives fit for the gods'...
It was a coffee house, hence the word "cafe." Cafes were places educated people went to share ideas and new discoveries.
Patrons spent several hours in these establishments in one "sitting." This trend caught on in Europe on the 17th century.
5-6) While public eateries existed in Ancient Rome and Sung Dynasty China, restaurants (we know them today), are generally credited to 18th century France.
The genesis is quite interesting and not at all what most people expect.
Religious orders and royal households were among the earliest practitioners of quantity food production...
Records show that the food preparation carried out by the abbey brethren reached a much higher standard than food served in the inns at that time...
Did you know the word restaurant is derived from the French word restaurer which means to restore?
The first French restaurants [pre-revolution] were not fancy gourmet establishments run by ex-aristocratic chefs.
They were highly regulated establishments that sold restaurants (meat based consommes intended to "restore" a person's strength) to people who were not feeling well.