After all, they were sworn to friendship through the calumet.
When their wishes were denied, soldiers often turned to rape and other forms of brutality against Indian women.
For more than 20 years, the French interlopers regularly faced starvation.
As the French expanded their base of control, some Indian Nations simply packed up and moved, not wanting even to be near the French and their strange religion and habits.
But dislocated Indians had to live somewhere, and they invariably wound up in the proximity of other Indian communities, threatening the resources of the people who were already there.
In their times of need, even soldiers from the military garrisons abandoned their barracks and sought refuge in Indian towns.
Indians always took them in and fed and housed them for weeks and even months at a time.Hence, their children, “,” had to be Black and Native American.For example, Jean Baptiste Pont du Sable, who founded Chicago was a Creole.There is still a large community of Creoles in Louisiana today. It is said that, as intermediaries between the Blacks and the whites, they got European instruments into the hands of African musicians and thereby facilitated the development of jazz.In New England we find Cape Verdians, Africans who migrated here in the 18th and 19th century aboard whaling ships that stopped in Cabo Verde, an island off the coast of West Africa, to resupply and pick up extra hands.(Thy Black Man.com) Contrary to popular belief, African Americans are by no means a homogeneous population.