Denmark (Danes) The Danes, or Dene, were part of a Scandinavian tribal collective which suffered divisions in the fourth and fifth centuries.
As a result, they began to migrate southwards from southern Sweden, entering Jutland and the Cimbric Peninsula in the fifth century, a relatively peaceful southwards movement that nevertheless put pressure on the Jutes and Angles and contributed to their migration to Britain.
Edward Dawson theorises that the Dene are likely named after a leader (a woman?), who in turn bore the name of the Goddess Danu or Dana.Either that or they were followers of Dana as a tribe and named such.Such a distinction between gods and earthly leaders is probably irrelevant due to ancient European deification customs wherein a strong leader was often elevated to deity status after death. 'Wine' means friend, so the Danes were friends of Ingvi, part of the Germanic Ingaevones.He is sometimes called the king of Reidgotaland, whose location is disputed by scholars.
Vermund is probably the Vermundus of Saxo Grammaticus in his Danish History.The new order is represented by the Scyldings and the Healfdena, who win the war and who possibly lead the migration of Danes from Sweden into the Cimbric Peninsula.This puts pressure on the Jutes in the north of the peninsula, probably resulting in feuds and local power struggles (which impacts upon the Angles and minor groups such as the Germanic Rondings).(Additional information by Edward Dawson, from Gautreks saga, and from External Link: The Gutenburg Text of Beowulf, translation by Lesslie Hall, 1892.) Skiold, or Scyld, first of the Scyldings, is the founding father of the Danes in southern Sweden, but is also a highly important figure in the list of kings of Angeln.Could there be an ancient connection between the Danes and the Angles which is remembered in this individual?In what is now Denmark itself, the march of the Danes - a march, mark, or mierce being a borderland territory - was probably the no-man's land between them and whatever tribes lay to the south (following the exodus to Britain by the Jutes and Angles). Similar border states included Mercia in England, the North March of eastern Germany, and Finnmark in Norway.