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One can therefore assume that Bayreuth was awarded its town charter between 12.

In 1735 a nursing home, the so-called Gravenreuth Stift, was founded by a private foundation in St. The cost of the building exceeded the funds of the foundation, but Margrave Frederick came to their aid.

Bayreuth experienced its Golden Age during the reign (1735–1763) of Margrave Frederick and Margravine Wilhelmina of Bayreuth, the favourite sister of Frederick the Great.

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The syllable -rute may mean Rodung or "clearing", whilst Baier- indicates immigrants from the Bavarian region.

Already documented earlier, were villages later merged into Bayreuth: Seulbitz (in 1035 as the royal Salian estate of Silewize in a document by Emperor Conrad II) and St. Even the district of Altstadt (formerly Altenstadt) west of the town centre must be older than the town of Bayreuth itself.

After they died out in 1260 the burgraves of Nuremberg from the House of Hohenzollern took over the inheritance.

Initially, however, their residence and the centre of the territory was the castle of Plassenburg in Kulmbach.

The town also suffered during the Thirty Years War.

A turning point in the town's history came in 1603 when Margrave Christian, the son of the elector, John George of Brandenburg, moved the aristocratic residence from the castle of Plassenburg above Kulmbach to Bayreuth.

The town of Bayreuth developed slowly and was affected time and again by disasters.