Threaded throughout the history of the United States, immigration has taken on greater prominence in political and policy conversations amid debate over possible reforms to the immigration system, border and national security, and the U. role in resettling refugees at a time of record global displacement. residents are either immigrants or children of immigrants?Questions about the current and historical pace of immigration, the role of immigrants in the labor market, illegal immigration, humanitarian admission policies, and enforcement practices are often raised. The article draws on resources from the Migration Policy Institute (MPI); the U. Census Bureau's 2015 American Community Survey (ACS), 2016 Current Population Survey (CPS), and 2000 decennial census; the U. Departments of Homeland Security (DHS) and State; and Mexico's National Population Council (CONAPO) and National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI). immigrant population stood at more than 43.3 million, or 13.5 percent, of the total U. population of 321.4 million in 2015, according to American Community Survey (ACS) data. Immigrant Population and Share over Time, 1850-Present tool in MPI’s Data Hub to see fluctuations over time.
The concept of race as used by the Census Bureau reflects the race or races with which individuals most closely self-identify. In 2015, approximately 51 percent of immigrants were female.
Race categories include both racial and national-origin groups. The share has fluctuated slightly during the past three decades; women accounted for 53 percent of immigrants in 1980, 51 percent in 1990, and 50 percent in 2000.
At the other end of the educational spectrum, 29 percent of immigrants lacked a high school diploma or General Educational Development (GED) certificate, compared to 9 percent of their U. Between 20, the five states with the largest absolute growth of the immigrant population were California and Texas (1.8 million each), Florida (1.4 million), New York (662,000), and New Jersey (501,000).
Between 19, the five states with the largest percent growth* of the immigrant population were North Carolina (274 percent), Georgia (233 percent), Nevada (202 percent), Arkansas (196 percent), and Utah (171 percent).
In 2015, 29 percent (11.1 million) of the 37.7 million immigrants ages 25 and older had a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 31 percent of native-born adults. When classified by the share of immigrants out of the total state population, the top five states in 2015 were California (27 percent), New York (23 percent), New Jersey (22 percent), Florida (20 percent), and Nevada (19 percent).
Notably, the share of college-educated immigrants was much higher—48 percent—among those who entered the country between 20. Between 19, the five states with the largest absolute growth of the immigrant population were California (2.4 million), Texas (1.4 million), New York (1 million), Florida (1 million), and Illinois (577,000).
Between 20, the five states with the largest percent growth* of the immigrant population were North Dakota (137 percent), Tennessee (109 percent), South Dakota (106 percent), South Carolina (101 percent), and Wyoming (96 percent).
increases in the immigrant population in these states have translated into high percent growth.
Informed public discussion and evidence-based policymaking require accurate, authoritative, and unbiased information. Click on the bullet points for more information on each topic: How many immigrants reside in the United States? Between 20, the foreign-born population increased by 899,000, or 2.1 percent, a slower growth rate compared to 2.5 percent between 20. How many people immigrated to the United States last year?
This Spotlight article offers in one accessible resource the most current data available about immigrants in the United States, who numbered 43.3 million people in 2015. According to the 2016 Current Population Survey (CPS), immigrants and their U. In 2015, 1.38 million foreign-born individuals moved to the United States, a 2 percent increase from 1.36 million in 2014.
How many Hispanics in the United States are immigrants? In 2015, there were 25.9 million Limited English Proficient (LEP) individuals ages 5 and older, representing 9 percent of the 301.6 million U. The next two languages most commonly spoken by LEP individuals were Chinese (including Mandarin and Cantonese, 1.8 million, or 7 percent) and Vietnamese (867,000, or 3 percent).