Chryses, a Trojan priest of Apollo, offers the Greeks wealth for the return of his daughter Chryseis, held captive of Agamemnon, the Greek leader.
Although most of the Greek army is in favour of the offer, Agamemnon refuses.
Along with the Odyssey, the Iliad is among the oldest extant works of Western literature, and its written version is usually dated to around the 8th century BC.(1) After an invocation to the Muses, the story launches in medias res towards the end of the Trojan War between the Trojans and the besieging Greeks.Setting: Troy (modern Hisarlik, Turkey) Period: Bronze Age Traditional dating: c. 1260–1180 BC Outcome: Greek victory, destruction of Troy See also: Historicity of the Iliad in Classical Attic; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer.Set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy (Ilium) by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and events during the weeks of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles.Many heroes and commanders join in, including Hector, and the gods supporting each side try to influence the battle.
Emboldened by Athena, Diomedes wounds Ares and puts him out of action.
Odysseus confronts and beats Thersites, a common soldier who voices discontent about fighting Agamemnon's war.
After a meal, the Greeks deploy in companies upon the Trojan plain.
Paris offers to return the treasure he took and give further wealth as compensation, but not Helen, and the offer is refused.
A day's truce is agreed for burning the dead, during which the Greeks also build their wall and a trench.
The poet takes the opportunity to describe the provenance of each Greek contingent.