The highest recorded temperature is approximately 52 °C (126 °F), and the lowest recorded temperature is approximately −1 °C (30 °F).
Administrators who are government servants have the powers of Nazims (Mayor).
Following the death of the Mumluk Sultan, Qutb al-Din Aibak in 1210, Multan came under the rule of Nasiruddin Qabacha, who in 1222, successfully repulsed an attempted invasion by Sultan Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu of the Khwarazmian Empire, In the 1320s Multan was conquered by Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq, founder of the Turkic Tughluq dynasty, the third dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate.
The region is home to numerous archaeological sites dating to the era of the Early Harappan period of the Indus Valley Civilisation, Multan is believed to have been the Malli capital that was conquered by Alexander the Great in 326 BCE as part of the Mallian Campaign.During the siege of the city's citadel, Alexander leaped into the inner area of the citadel, By the mid-800s, the Banu Munabbih (also known as the Banu Sama), who claimed descent from the Prophet Muhammad's Quraysh tribe came to rule Multan, and established the Amirate of Banu Munabbih, which ruled for the next century.Multan is located in Punjab, and covers an area of 133 square kilometres (51 sq mi).The nearest major cities are Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur.The city was surrendered, and Fateh Daud was permitted to retain control over the city with the condition that he adhere to Sunnism.
In 1007, Mahmud led an expedition to Multan against his former minister and Hindu convert, Niwasa Khan, who had renounced Islam and attempted to establish control of the region in collusion with Abdul Fateh Daud of Multan.even in times when the Mughals were in control of the even more coveted city of Kandahar, given the unstable political situation resulting from frequent contestation of Kandadar with the Persian Safavid Empire.Nader Shah conquered the region as part of his invasion of the Mughal Empire in 1739.which today survives in Lebanon, Syria, and the Golan Heights.Following Mahmud's death, the city regained its independence from the Ghaznavid empire and came under the sway of Ismaili rule once again.After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India en masse, while some Muslim refugees from the newly independent Republic of India settled in the city.