Civil rights are the protections and privileges given to all citizens by law.
Civil rights are rights given by nations to their citizens within their territorial boundaries.
Civil society consists of voluntary civic and social organizations and institutions.
The context America dropped Atomic or Nuclear bombs on two Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, in 1945. Since then we have been living in an Age that is often called the Nuclear Age or the Atomic Age.The threat of terrifying and devastating nuclear weapons changed the nature of war forever.The UDHR helped motivate and encourage civil rights movements in many different countries.For example, the standards set by the UDHR motivated freedom fighters in South Africa, the Civil Rights Movement in America, the Black Power Movement, and campaigns for nuclear disarmament, student movements, peace movements, and women's movements.Civil society groups consist of ordinary people who take collective action around shared aims, interests and values.
Examples of these groups include charities, non-governmental organisations, community groups, women's organisations, faith-based organisations, professional associations, trade unions, self-help groups, social movements, business associations, coalitions and advocacy groups.
The tension between the United States, a capitalist democracy, and the Soviet Union, a communist totalitarian state, stemmed from a long history of mutual distrust dating back to 1917. This began in the aftermath of World War II, and ended in 1989.
Both Superpowers wanted to spread their power and influence in the world. From the beginning, the Cold War was linked with the development of the atomic bomb and its use as a military deterrent.
It was a war based on the conflict between two very different ideologies.
Communism had become a popular ideology among poor people all over the world.
For this section, it is important to understand the international background, and what the world was like in the 1960s.