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The most conspicuous sight is the red tower which was built in the late 12th or early 13th century as part of the city wall.

Tourist sites include the Kassberg neighborhood with 18th and 19th centuries buildings and the Karl Marx Monument by Lev Kerbel, nicknamed "Nischel" (a Saxon dialect word for head, by the locals).Landmarks include the Old Town Hall with its Renaissance portal (15th century), the castle on the land of the former monastery, and the area around the opera house and the old university.Circa 1170 Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor granted it the rights of an imperial city.In 1307 the town became subordinate to the margraviate of Meissen (the predecessor of the Saxon state).The number of employees amounts to about 100,000 including about 46,000 commuters from other municipalities.

After the reunification of Germany Saxony faced a significant population decrease.In medieval times Chemnitz became a centre of textile production and trade.More than one third of the population worked in textile production.During World War II, Chemnitz included factories that produced military goods and a Flossenbürg forced labor subcamp (500 female inmates) for Astra-Werke AG.and post-war, the East German reconstruction included large low rise (and later high-rise plattenbau) housing.Some tourist sites were reconstructed during the DDR era and after German reunification.