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Before 1918 the franchise was restricted to male graduates with a doctorate or MA degree.

For many years only male students were enrolled into the university.

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Pure mathematical research at Cambridge finally reached the highest international standard in the early 20th century, thanks above all to G. The university was one of only two universities to hold parliamentary seats in the Parliament of England and was later one of eight represented in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The constituency was created by a Royal Charter of 1603 and returned two members of parliament until 1950, when it was abolished by the Representation of the People Act 1948. Its electorate consisted of the graduates of the university.

Many nobles, intellectuals and even commoners saw the ways of the Church of England as being too similar to the Catholic Church and felt that it was used by the Crown to usurp the rightful powers of the counties.

East Anglia was the centre of what became the Puritan movement.

It is a member of numerous associations and forms part of the "golden triangle" of leading English universities and Cambridge University Health Partners, an academic health science centre.

As of September 2017, Cambridge is ranked the world's second best university by THE World University Rankings, The university has educated many notable alumni, including eminent mathematicians, scientists, politicians, lawyers, philosophers, writers, actors and foreign Heads of a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, England.Founded in 1209 and granted a royal charter by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's fourth-oldest surviving university.From the time of Isaac Newton in the later 17th century until the mid-19th century, the university maintained an especially strong emphasis on applied mathematics, particularly mathematical physics. Students awarded first-class honours after completing the mathematics Tripos are termed wranglers, and the top student among them is the Senior Wrangler. Hardy, disliked the system, feeling that people were too interested in accumulating marks in exams and not interested in the subject itself. Teaching, and the fees it earned, came almost to a stop and severe financial difficulties followed.The Cambridge Mathematical Tripos is competitive and has helped produce some of the most famous names in British science, including James Clerk Maxwell, Lord Kelvin and Lord Rayleigh. Pure mathematics at Cambridge in the 19th century had great achievements but also missed out on substantial developments in French and German mathematics. As a consequence the university first received systematic state support in 1919, and a Royal Commission appointed in 1920 recommended that the university (but not the colleges) should receive an annual grant.After the University of Oxford reformed several years later, enough scholars remained in Cambridge to form the nucleus of the new university.