(See also Infirmary.) An early form of disciplinary institution dating back to the 16th century.
In addition to its function of a gaol for the rogue, it might also include a workhouse for the poor, hospital for the old, and industrial school for the young.
Workhouses were amongst the rioters' targets — on 22nd November, a mob assailed the Selborne parish workhouse, turned out the occupants, burned or smashed the fittings and furniture, and pulled off the roof.
(See also scattered homes, boarding out, children and education.) Aston Union Cottage Homes. From 1869, the workhouse master had to record the religious creed of each new inmate so that appropriate arrangements could be made in respect of their education (in the case of children), serious illness, or death.
Creed Register Form The fixed (and often basic and monotonous) diet prescribed for workhouse inmates.
In the 1840s, there was a public scandal when it was discovered that malnourished inmates at Andover workhouse had been fighting over scraps of rotting meat left on some bones they were supposed to be crushing. It was intended to provide interesting and useful occupation such as knitting, embroidery or lace-making for non-able-bodied workhouse inmates who spent long hours confined to bed or in day rooms.
Training in the various crafts was provided by outside volunteers and the costs were initially borne by Lady Brabazon.
An establishment, usually funded by a charitable endowment, providing free or subsidised accommodation for the elderly poor of good character, and typically constructed as a row of small self-contained cottages.
A wealthy person might bequeath money for the setting up of some almshouses in the hope that the residents might then regularly pray for his soul.
Pauper's badge for Ampthill parish The local management committee for each Poor Law Union.
They were elected annually by the rate-payers in each parish in a Union.
The scheme was slow to take off, with Kensington being the first to adopt it in 1883.
However, it gradually spread, particularly when it was found that the goods produced were saleable and made the scheme self-financing. Originally the graveyard adjoining the Royal Hospital in Dublin, where no payment of fees was exacted.
The ringleaders were later transported to Australia.