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Galicia was later influenced by the Bell Beaker culture.

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In the 21st century, scholars derive the name of the ancient Callaeci either from Proto-Indo-European *kal-n-e H In any case, Galicia, being per se a derivation of the ethnic name Kallaikói, means 'the land of the Galicians'.

The name evolved during the Middle Ages from Gallaecia, sometimes written Galletia, to Gallicia.

56% of the Galician population speak Galician as their first language, while 43% speak more in Castilian.

The name Galicia derives from the Latin toponym Callaecia, later Gallaecia, related to the name of an ancient Celtic tribe that resided north of the Douro river, the Gallaeci or Callaeci in Latin, or These Callaeci were the first tribe in the area to help the Lusitanians against the invading Romans.

During the Middle Ages, the kingdom of Galicia was occasionally ruled by its own kings, but most of the time it was leagued to the kingdom of Leon and later to that of Castile, while maintaining its own legal and customary practices and culture.

From the 13th century on, the kings of Castile, as kings of Galicia, appointed an Adiantado-mór, whose attributions passed to the Governor and Captain General of the Kingdom of Galiza from the last years of the 15th century.

Thousands of Megalithic tumuli are distributed throughout the country, but mostly along the coastal areas.

Within each tumulus is a stone burial chamber known locally as anta (dolmen), frequently preceded by a corridor.

There are smaller populations around the interior cities of Lugo and Ourense.

The political capital is Santiago de Compostela, in the province of A Coruña.

With the exception of shipbuilding and food processing, Galicia was based on a farming and fishing economy until after the mid-20th century, when it began to industrialize.