The Shah's government began its "White Revolution" in 1962 and ratified important women's rights measures, including suffrage and the Family Protection Law of 1967, later amended more heavily in favor of women in 1975, which ended extrajudicial divorce and restricted polygamy.When the Iranian Revolution started, in 1977, many women protested by marching in frequented areas and women chose to wear chadors as a sign of protest.Today, more women than men are pursuing higher education in Iran even though the Islamic Republic tries to limit women to domains exclusive to women.
Danesh (1907) was the first specialized journal focusing on women's issues.Later, Shokoufeh, Nameie Banovan, Alam e Nesvan, and Nesvan e Vatan Khah were published in Tehran.Not with-standing this, in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini severely curtailed rights that women had become accustomed to under The Shah.Within months of the founding of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the 1967 Family Protection Law was repealed; female government workers were forced to observe Islamic dress code; women were barred from becoming judges; beaches and sports were sex-segregated; the legal age of marriage for girls was reduced to 9 (later raised to 13); and married women were barred from attending regular schools.The Islamic revolution is ideologically committed to inequality for women in inheritance and other areas of the civil code; and especially committed to segregation of the sexes.
Many places, from "schoolrooms to ski slopes to public buses", are strictly segregated. The hijab today in Iran includes the choice of either a chador or a roopoosh and veil.
Dramatic changes in the labor force might not have been possible if Khomeini had not broken the barriers to women entering into the public sphere unchaperoned.
Women were also more likely to pursue higher education, a product of the free education and the literacy campaigns.
In May 1997, the overwhelming majority of women voted for Mohammad Khatami, a reformist cleric who promised more political freedom.
His election brought a period during which women became increasingly bold in expressing ideas, demands, and criticisms.
Because the first Pahlavi Shah banned the use of the hijab, many women decided to show their favor for Ayatollah Khomeini, by wearing a chador, thinking that this would be the best way to show their support without having to be vocal.