"English Racer" - an older category of bikes usually designed for adults with three internal gears and an upright riding position.
Racers were reasonably efficient, sturdy, utilitarian machines that were heavier than road bikes and were not really "racers." While the English company Raliegh (and related companies) made many of these bikes, not all "English racers" are English.
Many older bikes are still quite useable and still satisfy the casual recreational user.
Today, "beach cruisers" are the craze for both adults and kids creating a look and feel of the old balloon tire bikes of the 1930s through 1950s.
Modified cruisers were also used for the first Mountain bikes in the late 1970s.
Eventually, the Stingray evolved into the BMX bike with somewhat shorter handlebars, a single saddle, and beefy rims.
BMX bikes are used for dirt racing, jumps and tricks.
Univega was headquartered in the United States with bicycles made in Italy and then Japan.
Finally, no matter where a company is headquartered, the majority of bikes today are made in China.(See Campagnolo History.) The head tube lugs are chromed, which was apparently an extra option.Racers did not use chromed lugs since they added weight, but they give the bike an eloquent touch.The bikes here are grouped here into six, somewhat arbitrary, categories: Road - lightweight bikes for traveling on streets.The road bicycles are the museum's largest category and are divided by manufacturer, with first U. companies (Schwinn, Trek, and Raleigh America), then Italian (Bianchi), French (Peugeot, Motobecane and Roold), Japanese (Nishiki, Fuji, Kuwahara, and Univega), and Taiwanese (Giant). For example, Raliegh was historically an English company.(See Schwinn Timeline.) Schwinn today is part of Pacific Cycle.